The report provides benchmarks for evaluating sustainability commitment of an organization. The sustainability benchmarking uses a combination of sustainability and financial parameters. ABC Company (ABC) is a multi-national organization with a well-developed corporate responsibility report providing information on environmental parameters including annual scope 1 and 2 emissions, global water consumption, global electrical consumption along with use of renewable energy, information on recycled materials, etc. The report includes company data on environmental parameters along with few financial parameters, company’s total employee count. The analysis is being done for the period of 2010 to 2013. The company data has been used to derive a set of benchmark metrics which are combinations of environmental and financial parameters for the analysis on sustainability commitment, investments, and sustainability positioning of the company. Based on derived metrics, the sustainability performance of the company is evaluated. All data used in the report has been collated from public domain sources.
Naperville is a bustling western suburb of Chicago with a population of over 145,000. In 2014, the city was seeking to revamp the findings of its emissions last studied in 2005. The report covers the period 2005-2013. The study includes major emission contributors, applies the principles and guidelines of the Greenhouse Gas protocol developed by World Resources Institute and World Business Council on Sustainable Development. It makes recommendations in regards to upgrading streetlights and traffic signals, adoption of renewable energy credits program, water conservation, and sustainable procurement practices.
In this new age of technology revolution, Digital Transformation is the new way of doing business by leveraging Digital technologies such as Cloud, Big Data, Mobile computing, Social computing, and Analytics resulting in significant improvements in Operational Efficiencies and Customer Experiences. Since the way business gets done has an Environmental, Social and Economic footprint, Digital Transformation impacts the Sustainability aspects of doing business. This is important for organizations since consumers, share-holders and other stakeholders have visibility to business impacts on Brand Value, Revenues and Company Valuation. The study focuses on understanding the link between Digital Transformation and Sustainability. The approach includes, survey of industry perspectives on the subject, review of industry Case Studies, understanding existing frameworks on Digital Transformation and Sustainability, and review of Case scenarios as a proxy for business situations. The study concludes that Digital Transformation significantly impacts Sustainability aspects of an organization and that both should form an integral part of an Organizational Strategy. Digital technologies are not only transforming markets and creating new paradigms of doing business, the technologies are also providing solutions to organizations for addressing Sustainability challenges.
The cement industry is one of the major contributors to the economic growth of any country. It is a feeder industry to the downstream concrete manufacturing industry. In spite of the variety of cements, the manufacturing process for cement remains fairly similar. In 2009 the world produced 3 billion tons of cement emitting an amount exceeding 2.4 Gigatons of CO2. It is projected that by 2020 the global production will touch 5.9 billion tons with annual CO2e emissions of more than 4.8 Gigatons. Collectively the cement industry accounts for over 5% of total global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Half of this emission is attributable to direct chemical conversion of raw materials into cement as a by-product, about 40% in the form of the energy used to maintain the temperature levels at 1,400 degrees C during manufacturing and the rest 5-10% as scope 2 and scope 3 emissions resulting from the use of electricity, transportation of cement to construction site. This poses a problem for the world as this industry is imperative to the world economy and at the same time is a major greenhouse gas contributor. Finding ways to reduce the CO2 emissions in a cost effective way from this industry will substantially help the world environment and at the same time keep the industry economics viable. Though giving due credit, the industry has been able to put brakes on CO2 emissions per ton of cement produced. The industry will benefit from adoption of technologies that could further reduce this ratio. 90% of emissions in cement production comes from the chemical reaction which is calcination of limestone and use of fossil fuels used in the manufacture. If the equation of calcination could be reversed, then the CO2 released in the cement manufacture could be sequestered back but this time in the form of concrete. In this case concrete will act as CO2 sinks. This case study provides a solution to build and harness this technology to sequester CO2 from cement manufacturing into concrete manufacturing industry. The resulting product is a more durable, more resistant to shrinking and cracking concrete product and less permeable to water.
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Abstract: Mumbai, India is at a cross-road with big economic growth, increasing wealth on the one hand and big risks associated with large weather events such as flooding, major health issues for the population, and changes in the topology with dwindling land mass, and property loss on the other. Mumbai thus shows a complex inter-play of topology, socio-economic dynamics and weather. In a 2007 study Mumbai was named among the top 20 cities for “exposed population under future climate change and socio-economic change”. Other studies have noted similar vulnerability for Mumbai to climate change. Mumbai’s land use affected by urban sprawl particularly in flood prone areas, reduction of green spaces, impermeability of built up areas, lack of a good drainage and impact of poor waste management on the already strained drainage and storm systems, development of informal settlements (slums) outside of the protection of flood defenses, high levels of population density and congestion have become contributing factors to the excessive discharge of water during heavy rains. This paper studies such factors affecting Mumbai from a climate change perspective, and explores mitigation, and adaptation approaches.